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TRUFFLES


BLACK WINTER TRUFFLE

What are truffles? Truffles are members of the fungi family. They are subterranean ascomycete fungus that live on the root of trees from the genus Tuber. There are 4 types of truffles mainly found on our dinner tables.



BLACK WINTER TRUFFLE

Tuber Melanosporum: Black Winter Truffle/Truffe du Périgord.


Cultivated/Wild


Appearance: It has a black bumpy skin. Black flesh with fine white veins.


Scent: Deep undergrowth


Taste: a unique and complex taste that falls into the umami category. They can amplify and intensify the flavours of the dishes they are paired with.


Gastronomy: goes with everything from starters to desserts, especially chocolate. Just a few slices would be enough to sublimate any dish. Try them with scrambled eggs, creamy cheese, scallops, etc.


Season: From December to March in France, June to August in Australia and New Zealand



Tuber Magnatum: White Truffle from Alba


Wild


Appearance: Off-white to deep yellow skin. Creamy white flesh with thin white veins.


Scent: strong, gassy or cheesy


Taste: garlicky, intense.


Gastronomy. With a strong taste, it is used mostly on savory dishes. Perfect with pasta, eggs and ice cream.


Season: October to December


Origin: exclusively from Italy.



Tuber Uncinatum: Black Burgundy Truffle, Autumn Truffle


Mostly cultivated.


Appearance: Like the black winter truffle but with a dark greyish flesh rather than black with thin white veins.


Scent: Undergrowth, Wild Mushroom. Similar to the Melanosporum but milder.


Taste: Similar to the Melanosporum but milder. It is used the same way.


Season: September to December.


Origin: A few countries around the world are cultivating it.



Tuber Aestivum: Black Summer Truffle


Mostly cultivated.


Appearance: Deep black hard outer skin that peels from the flesh. Very clear grey flesh with fine white veins.


Scent: Light underwood


Taste: Almost tasteless. Just a slight hazelnut flavor. Used on salads for its crunch.


Season: May to September


Origin: Cultivated in Italy and France.



THE MAIN TRUFFLE REGIONS AROUND THE WORLD



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